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Coronavirus Terms from A to Z

By | Coronavirus, Uncategorized, Your Health | No Comments

Vocabularies have increased in the past few weeks, with terms such as “coronavirus,” “COVID-19,” and “social distancing” becoming commonplace in the lexicon. If you have wondered what all these terms mean, read the list that follows to help shed some light on these new additions to our vocabulary.

Asymptomatic transmission: the way in which someone who is not showing signs of a disease can still be a carrier and spread the virus to others.
Containment: keeping people within a certain area from traveling and possibly passing on the virus.
Coronavirus: a type of human virus that can lead to an upper respiratory infection (URI). Some coronaviruses can cause the common cold, while others can lead to severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV) and the even more severe Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV). Under a microscope, the coronavirus causing the current pandemic looks like a sphere with spikes that resemble crowns, hence the name “corona.” This coronavirus, which originated in Wuhan, China, is known as SARS-CoV-2.
COVID-19: an abbreviation of “2019 novel coronavirus,” the disease one gets from contracting the current strain of coronavirus, SARS CoV-2. Its symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and even pneumonia and death in more severe cases. The “CO” stands for “corona,” the “VI” stands for “virus,” and the “D” means “disease.”
Epidemic: a large outbreak rapidly spreading from community to community within a defined region or population.
Flattening the curve: the use of protective practices to slow the rate of COVID-19 infections so that hospitals have enough space, supplies, and staff for all patients needing care throughout the duration of the pandemic.
Isolation: the process of separating a person who is known or believed to have been infected with a disease from others, stemming the spread of the illness. Isolated people typically stay in a separate room and use a separate bathroom from housemates.
Outbreak: a sudden increase in the number of occurrences of a disease at a certain place and point in time.
Pandemic: a rampant epidemic that spreads across multiple countries, regions, and continents at the same time. Coronavirus is considered a pandemic.
Presumptive positive: This occurs when a person tests positive for the virus locally, but the results are not yet confirmed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Quarantine: restricting the movement of people who appear to be healthy but may have been exposed to the virus and are, therefore, able to pass it on.
Self-quarantine: a practice of self-isolation of at least 14 days by people who may have been exposed to the coronavirus and are at risk for coming down with COVID-19.
Social distancing: avoiding mass gatherings and increasing the physical space between people in order to avoid spreading illness. Six feet is considered a safe distance between two individuals.
Vaccine: One of the most effective ways of preventing disease, a vaccine is a strain of a virus or bacteria that is inserted into a living being and then trains the body’s immune system to recognize the invader and fight off the disease. There is not yet a vaccine for the current coronavirus, but scientists are working to develop one.
Zoonotic: used to describe an illness that is transmissible from animals to humans. Like SARS and MERS, the current coronavirus is believed to have originated in animals.

Sources: CDC, “Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19),” https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/cases-updates/summary.html; CDC, “Coronavirus Fact Sheet,” https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/downloads/2019-ncov-factsheet.pdf ; Johns Hopkins Medicine, “Coronavirus, Social Distancing and Self-Quarantining,” https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/coronavirus/coronavirus-social-distancing-and-self-quarantine; and CNN, “Pandemic, COVID-19, and All the Coronavirus Terms You Need to Know,” https://www.cnn.com/2020/03/05/us/coronavirus-definitions-terms-glossary-trnd/index.html




Free ebooks & audiobooks for kids through adults

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TumbleBook logo

Need something for you, your kids or teens to read, listen to, or watch during the Coronavirus shelter in place order? TumbleBooks, Inc., a Canadian based company, has generously opened up their e-collections to libraries for free until August 31st. Links and descriptions below, enjoy!

Tumble Book Library is an online collection geared towards grades K-6 of classic story books, read-alongs, non-fiction books, sing-alongs, and ebooks in Spanish and French.

Tumble Math Library contains story books about math with quizzes and  math manga ebooks.

Teen Book Cloud has ebooks, graphic novels, classic literature, National Geographic videos and audio books for the teenager.

Audio Book Cloud has audiobooks with no downloads and no software- just click and listen. Fiction, non-fiction, classics, young adult, and audio books in Español are available.

March Is National Kidney Month

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Did you know high blood pressure is the second leading cause of kidney failure in the U.S.? Chronic kidney disease is a serious condition that increases your chances of having a variety of complications such as stroke, heart attack, kidney failure, and death.

The good news is that you can help protect your kidneys by managing high blood pressure with these 6 healthy lifestyle habits.

1. Take medications as prescribed.  Your doctor may prescribe blood pressure-lowering medications that are effective in slowing the development of kidney disease.
2. Aim for a healthy weight. If you are overweight or obese, losing even a small amount of weight can improve blood pressure readings.
3. Select healthier food and beverage options.  Focus on fruits and vegetables, lean meat, whole grains, and other heart-healthy foods.
4. Try to quit smoking. If you smoke, take steps to quit.
5. Get enough sleep. Aim for 7 to 8 hours of sleep per night.
6. Manage stress and make physical activity part of your routine. Consider healthy stress-reducing activities and get at least 30 minutes or more of physical activity each day.

Learn More from National Institutes of Health

Patron Spotlight: Jonda Cvek

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A recent photo of Jonda Cvek with one of her (smallest) family members

We recently caught up with one of our community partners and friends, Jonda Cvek, to talk about her experience as a first-time patron of Herrick Library. A Santee resident and the Membership & Business Development Director for the San Diego East County Chamber of Commerce, Jonda is active in her community both personally and professionally. She stumbled upon the library while attending a Grossmont Healthcare District event, and found a “hidden gem” in East County for health information.

Why is it important for the community to have a public library that focuses on health information?

For me, it is the focus on well-being. A member of our family had a diagnosis of Pick’s Disease, a form of dementia – I hadn’t a clue about what to expect on my travel back east to visit, other than what family shared. I wanted to be prepared, and I think a neighborhood library might have been overwhelming in size–hard to know where to begin, or not large enough in their health-specific resources.

How has the Herrick Library made a difference for you and your family?

The intimacy of the library gave me a sense of privacy while sharing my questions and concerns with a staff member. The team helped me feel normal and less afraid to ask my questions, and it put me at ease to see their willingness to gather information to send my way. If you have a health question, you don’t have to worry about being educated on the topic; the Herrick Library’s specialty is to make health information clearer so you can put it to use.

What’s your own secret to living well?

This is a tough one for me, as I battle with exercise and often have an excuse to why I do not do more. So, my secret is my connection with family, friends and plenty of love and laughter (sometimes over a glass of wine)! Facetime with grandkids is key as well (grin)!

What do you say to those who might be afraid to reach out to someone to talk about their health?

Hmmmm, “I will go with you” has worked for me to get others motivated about taking care of their health. Whether it be to a procedure, or trying to get a loved one or friend to go get a diagnosis from a medical professional instead of trying to diagnose themselves. Or, I will offer to drive – this happened recently with my own husband – he had a stent and I was pleading with him to go get checked! Sometimes we need to support each other to be healthy.


Ongoing Programs Held at the Library

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Alzheimer’s San Diego: 6:00 p.m.-7:30 p.m. 1st & 3rd Tuesday of the month. Caregiver support and discussion group. Please call the group leader to confirm the meeting and find out if the group is a good fit for you, Ellen Boucher (619) 770-7145.
American Chronic Pain Association: 12:00 p.m.-1:30 p.m., 1st and 3rd Wednesday of the month. Self-help and peer support for people with chronic pain. Walk-ins welcome. For info call Kathy (858) 204-9205 or Kristin (619) 888-6496.
Better Breathers Club: 1:00 p.m.-3:00 p.m. 3rd Friday of the month. Call Library for leader’s phone number to register.
Blood Pressure Screenings: 10:00 a.m.-11:30 a.m. 2nd Tuesday of the month. Walk-ins welcome. No appointment needed.
Caring Community—Living with Cancer: 10:00 a.m.-12:00 p.m. 2nd & 4th Thursdays for patients/survivors. 12:15 p.m.-1:15 p.m. for Relaxation & Visualization. 10:00 a.m. – 12:00 p.m. 1st & 3rd Thursdays for family/caregivers. Registration required. Call (619) 890-9730.
HICAP (Health Insurance Counseling & Advocacy Program): Free and objective information about Medicare. Call (800) 434-0222 for appointment.
SMART Recovery®: 2:00 p.m.-3:30 p.m. Tuesdays. Open to all for any type of addiction. Info: www.smartrecovery.org or William Brock, Ph.D. Email brockpsych@gmail.com or call (619) 665-2125.
SMART Recovery® Friends & Family: 10:00 a.m.-11:00 a.m. Saturdays. Open to all for any type of addiction. Info: www.smartrecovery.org.

Herrick Highlights

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As you walk through the library, stop halfway back at the rotating wooden kiosk. Here you will find 22 health and wellness newsletters from some of the leading education and research institutions in America. Published monthly and filled with current advice and information, each 8-page newsletter focuses on a medical specialty or population group.

Areas of interest range from general (Tufts University Health & Nutrition Letter; Mayo Clinic Health Letter) to specific (Harvard Men’s Health Watch; Weill Cornell Medicine Women’s Health Advisor; Scientific American Health After 50) to more specific (Harvard Heart Letter; Cleveland Clinic Arthritis Advisor). Some even appeal to particular points of view (Environmental Nutrition; Dr. Andrew Weil’s Self Healing).

Short articles give you a quick overview of topics such as “Rethinking Hormone Therapy,” “Understanding Opioid Addiction,” or “Beyond the Morning Buzz: How Does Coffee Affect Your Heart?”

Come learn something new! These health newsletters can help keep you informed and up-to-date. That’s almost as good as a letter from home!

Patron Spotlight: Diane Mayorga

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Diane Mayorga (on the right) with friend and local artist Ruth Benjamin at Herrick Library

We recently sat down with Diane Mayorga, a San Carlos resident and regular patron at Herrick Library, to find out what inspires her to live well. At 67 years young, Diane is a retired special education teacher and hospice worker who has spent much of her life exploring and sharing her love for learning and wellness with others. We asked Diane to share some of her thoughts on living and learning and were fortunate to find that she is an open book.

Why do you love libraries, and what brought you to ours?
I have loved going to the library for as long as I can remember. I’m originally from Wisconsin, and there was a day my grandmother, who never drove a car, walked me in the cold to our local library for the first time and said, “Diane, this is your library card. Can you write your name?” I remember being excited even at 4 years old; my grandmother had been reading to me and I could feel my world getting wider and wider. I’ve also always been interested in health, but it wasn’t until a couple of years ago that I stumbled upon the Herrick Library. I was on the Sharp Grossmont Hospital campus taking a CPR class across the street from the library, and afterward I walked in and asked at the front desk whether I could get a library card. They said that as long as I live, work, attend school, or receive medical care within the Grossmont Healthcare District, I could access whatever I wanted here, and the rest is history.

What’s important about a health library?
When I really want to learn something and I have a question, the staff is so accessible. Not only that, but they make health research seem accessible because they have specialized training. Even though there are thousands of books, DVDs, and websites out there with health information, it’s sometimes hard to know which information to trust, and public libraries don’t always have staff with training as health information navigators. I have found so many resources from here because I know that the information is accurate and the staff can help me understand the best way to do research on a variety of health topics. It’s why I keep coming back!

What are some of your favorite types of health information materials?
That’s a tough question. It really depends on the subject matter. Sometimes I’m in the mood for a DVD. Sometimes, I want to read about something. For instance, I’m really into nutrition. The more thought I put into the food and drink I put into my body, the more I automatically go for the healthier choice. It doesn’t happen overnight, but I believe the reason I no longer have high blood pressure is because I’ve become used to reading nutrition labels. Doing research here, I learned cancer feeds on sugar, so now I try to avoid that. I don’t totally go without any sugar, but the choice is always ours. If you have the education, you can begin to focus on making more educated choices.

What’s your secret to living well?
I walk in the mornings, while it’s cool outside and comfortable for me. I have a history of heat stroke so I try to always remember to check the weather, bundle up, and go when I feel the most confident about walking. Today, I’m wearing all red because the cars drive faster in the morning and I feel with my red suit, they’ll see me and I’ll be safe.

I think to live well, you need to have a positive attitude. Don’t worry about your age. I don’t care how many people know my age; I’m 67, my dad is 93. He says his blood pressure is good and he plans to live to be 100, so I tell him I’m going to live to be 101! Longevity runs in my family, but when I think about it, my grandmother walked everywhere. My mother walked everywhere. Walking is free and we have a beautiful climate here, so just find what works for you. Whatever it is, do it with somebody, or go by yourself if that’s what you like. When you find your niche with exercise, you’re probably going to meet new friends.

What do you say to those who might be afraid to reach out to someone to talk about their health?
You’re not alone. Even if you think you are alone, you’re not really alone. I’ll give you an example: I’m also a regular at the San Carlos Public Library, where my son teaches Tai Chi on Mondays. I take his class, and I’ve made some good friends in it. A couple of years ago, one of the women in the class was diagnosed with cancer. She has young kids, and she came into class one day and told me she was sick and didn’t have a doctor. I asked her if she knew about 2-1-1 San Diego, and suggested she call them for help. She was able to find a wonderful doctor, they did surgery, they did treatment, and now, two little kids have their mother. She came back to Tai Chi class. I look at her now and think, what did it cost me to reach out to her? Nothing. We all need to reach out to each other, share information, and try to make a difference.

Website News and Updates

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Hello! And welcome to the New Year and the newly-refurbished Herrick Community Health Care Library website! We have been busy through the holidays with our little elves and hope you will click around on our website to check out the changes. We have been working to update links and add resources as we continue efforts to keep you connected with some of the best health, wellness, and medical information available online.

For starters, we have upgraded our Health Information section. By clicking on one of the 14 pictures (see sample at left), you are taken to even more specific medical information. Clicking on Reliable Health Links will take you to trusted and free sites that offer a wealth of information. We recommend starting with MedlinePlus from the National Institutes of Health when searching for basic information about health topics, drugs & supplements, or health & surgery videos.

If you want specific information on a health or medical condition, then we suggest the Diseases and Conditions section which has in-depth information on such things as arthritis, cancer, complementary and alternative medicine, eye, dental, and hearing. If you are looking for a specific medication, try the Drugs, Herbs, and Vitamins section. There you will find Drugs@FDA from the Food and Drug Administration; the Office of Dietary Supplements with the latest information on supplements and safe levels to take; Consumer Reports Best Buy Drugs for getting the most for your money; and even How to Create a Pill Card for keeping track of your medications.

Going to Articles & Encyclopedias will take you to our Gale databases: Health and Wellness Resource Center, which offers articles, encyclopedia entries, and a dictionary; Health Reference Center Academic featuring articles from nursing and allied health journals; and General OneFile (Infotrac), which provides millions of articles on general and health-related topics. These are a great resource for the student in the family! The Natural Medicines database is also here, featuring information on complementary, alternative and integrative therapies. A library card is needed to view the databases from home.

In the dashboard at the top of the page, About Herrick Library will give you access to information about our hours, current art exhibit, and library activities such as our monthly Wellness Wednesday health talk and movie. A digital copy of our current newsletter is also posted there, where you can check out our newest books and videos.

Clicking on Health Insurance directs you to Covered CA, California’s part of the ACA which you can sign up for through January 31, 2018, and to Medicare and Medi-Cal websites.

Below that you will find our Catalog, which lists all of our books, magazines and videos.

Please note that we are also now mobile friendly, so you can access and view us while on the go!

If you have any questions about the website or any suggestions about how to improve things for you, as the primary user, please let one of the library staff members know.

Happy New Year!

By | Herrick Library Events, Uncategorized | No Comments

We wish you a happy and healthy 2018! What do you want to do differently for your health this year? Let us know what information you need to reach your goals.

Check out our blog for information on lots of new books and DVDs for you to check out and for our upcoming Wellness Wednesday health talks and movies. These great books, DVDs, and programs are for you and are free.

We look forward to seeing you at an upcoming health fair:
• Saturday January 20, 9:00 – 1:00, Santee Active Lifestyle Expo, Santee Trolley Square
• Saturday February 3, 9:00 – 12:00, It’s How We Live Community Health and Wellness Fair, Lakeside Community Center
Be sure to check back on our website and watch our social media for announcements about senior health fairs in March and April!

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